population-clipart-gg56291082Information on general population trends is essential to understanding the changing profile of a specific area, whether this is at a national, regional or local authority level. Population growth usually results in increasing levels of need for example, in relation to housing and education provision, adult social care and health provision, increases in poverty and crime as well as impacting on the environment.

Data from the 2011 census shows that the population in England & Wales has grown by 7.1% since 2001 and now stands at 56.1 million people. London’s population has grown by 14% from 7.2 million in 2001 to 8.2 million in 2011.

Creating population profiles for specific age bands, community groups or small geographies helps to inform the targeting of services to specific aspects of local communities. Information on Croydon’s growing and changing population will inform the development of local strategies and services and is taken in to consideration when central government calculates the annual grant funding for local authorities.

 

Childrenkilled/seriouslyinjuredinroadtrafficaccidents(rateper100_000children)2008-2010, England, 23 Childrenkilled/seriouslyinjuredinroadtrafficaccidents(rateper100_000children)2008-2010, London, 17 Childrenkilled/seriouslyinjuredinroadtrafficaccidents(rateper100_000children)2008-2010, Croydon, 19
340Croydon
This report looks at the age, gender and ethnic makeup of Croydon.

Source Abbreviation:
ONS* = values aggregated from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) small area population estimates.

Population Estimates

382,304

 
Total population estimate (2016)


Source: ONS*
185,749
(48.6%)

male estimate population
 (2016)

Source: ONS*
196,555
(51.4%)

female estimate population

(2016)
 
Source: ONS*
83.4
Female life expectancy at birth
 (2013 - 15)

Source: ONS*
80.4
Male life expectancy at birth
 (2013 - 15)

Source: ONS*
#color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Barnet: 386083 #color:0xFFD700 Persons all ages Croydon: 382304 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Ealing: 343196 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Newham: 340978 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Enfield: 331395 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Brent: 328254 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Lambeth: 327910 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Bromley: 326889 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Wandsworth: 316096 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Southwark: 313223 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Tower Hamlets: 304854 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Hillingdon: 302471 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Lewisham: 301867 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Redbridge: 299249 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Greenwich: 279766 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Haringey: 278451 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Waltham Forest: 275843 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Hackney: 273526 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Hounslow: 271139 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Havering: 252783 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Harrow: 248752 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Westminster: 247614 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Camden: 246181 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Bexley: 244760 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Islington: 232865 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Barking and Dagenham: 206460 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Merton: 205029 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Sutton: 202220 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Richmond upon Thames: 195846 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Hammersmith and Fulham: 179654 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Kingston upon Thames: 176107 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages Kensington and Chelsea: 156726 #color:0x0167BB Persons all ages City of London: 9401 Total population estimates comparison across London (2016)
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  85 and over: 2.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  80 - 84: 2.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  75 - 79: 3.2% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  70 - 74: 4.3% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  65 - 69: 5.5% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  60 - 64: 5.3% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  55 - 59: 6.1% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  50 - 54: 7.0% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  45 - 49: 7.0% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  40 - 44: 6.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  35 - 39: 6.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  30 - 34: 6.8% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  25 - 29: 6.9% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  20 - 24: 6.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  15 - 19: 5.8% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  10 - 14: 5.6% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  5 - 9: 6.2% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  0 - 4: 6.2% #color:0x827676 London  85 and over: 1.6% #color:0x827676 London  80 - 84: 1.6% #color:0x827676 London  75 - 79: 2.1% #color:0x827676 London  70 - 74: 2.7% #color:0x827676 London  65 - 69: 3.6% #color:0x827676 London  60 - 64: 4.0% #color:0x827676 London  55 - 59: 5.1% #color:0x827676 London  50 - 54: 6.2% #color:0x827676 London  45 - 49: 6.7% #color:0x827676 London  40 - 44: 7.2% #color:0x827676 London  35 - 39: 8.6% #color:0x827676 London  30 - 34: 9.8% #color:0x827676 London  25 - 29: 9.4% #color:0x827676 London  20 - 24: 6.5% #color:0x827676 London  15 - 19: 5.3% #color:0x827676 London  10 - 14: 5.5% #color:0x827676 London  5 - 9: 6.6% #color:0x827676 London  0 - 4: 7.2% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  85 and over: 2.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  80 - 84: 2.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  75 - 79: 3.2% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  70 - 74: 4.3% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  65 - 69: 5.5% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  60 - 64: 5.3% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  55 - 59: 6.1% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  50 - 54: 7.0% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  45 - 49: 7.0% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  40 - 44: 6.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  35 - 39: 6.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  30 - 34: 6.8% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  25 - 29: 6.9% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  20 - 24: 6.4% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  15 - 19: 5.8% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  10 - 14: 5.6% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  5 - 9: 6.2% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  0 - 4: 6.2% #color:0x827676 London  85 and over: 1.6% #color:0x827676 London  80 - 84: 1.6% #color:0x827676 London  75 - 79: 2.1% #color:0x827676 London  70 - 74: 2.7% #color:0x827676 London  65 - 69: 3.6% #color:0x827676 London  60 - 64: 4.0% #color:0x827676 London  55 - 59: 5.1% #color:0x827676 London  50 - 54: 6.2% #color:0x827676 London  45 - 49: 6.7% #color:0x827676 London  40 - 44: 7.2% #color:0x827676 London  35 - 39: 8.6% #color:0x827676 London  30 - 34: 9.8% #color:0x827676 London  25 - 29: 9.4% #color:0x827676 London  20 - 24: 6.5% #color:0x827676 London  15 - 19: 5.3% #color:0x827676 London  10 - 14: 5.5% #color:0x827676 London  5 - 9: 6.6% #color:0x827676 London  0 - 4: 7.2% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  85 and over: 1.8% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  80 - 84: 1.9% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  75 - 79: 2.4% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  70 - 74: 3.0% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  65 - 69: 4.1% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  60 - 64: 4.7% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  55 - 59: 5.8% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  50 - 54: 7.4% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  45 - 49: 7.1% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  40 - 44: 7.0% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  35 - 39: 7.7% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  30 - 34: 7.8% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  25 - 29: 7.2% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  20 - 24: 5.3% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  15 - 19: 6.0% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  10 - 14: 6.2% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  5 - 9: 7.3% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  0 - 4: 7.5% Age group breakdown estimates (2016)
#color:0x65B4D2 Aged 65+ England: 17.9% #color:0x5396CE Aged 16 - 64 England: 63.1% #color:0x0167BB Aged 0 - 15 England: 19.1% #color:0x65B4D2 Aged 65+ London: 11.6% #color:0x5396CE Aged 16 - 64 London: 67.9% #color:0x0167BB Aged 0 - 15 London: 20.4% #color:0x65B4D2 Aged 65+ Croydon: 13.1% #color:0x5396CE Aged 16 - 64 Croydon: 64.7% #color:0x0167BB Aged 0 - 15 Croydon: 22.2% Broad age group estimates (2016)

Ethnicity

82.6%
of households all adults have English as their main language 
 
Source: ONS Census 2011
7.9%
of households English is not the main language.
 

Source: ONS Census 2011
#color:0xD1D0D5 White 2011 England: 85.4% #color:0x827676 White 2011 London: 59.8% #color:0x0167BB White 2011 Croydon: 55.1% White population (2011)
#color:0x9DCFE2 No people, 7.9% #color:0x65B4D2 No people aged 16 + but at least one person aged 3 to 15, 2.1% #color:0x5396CE At least one but not all people aged 16 +, 7.4% #color:0x0167BB All people aged 16 +, 82.6% #color:0x0167BB All people aged 16 +, 82.6% #color:0x0167BB All people aged 16 +, 82.6% English as main household language in Croydon (2011)
Ethnic makeup of Croydon

Ethnicity Number %
White - British 171,740 47.3
White - Irish 5,369 1.5
Gypsy 234 0.1
Other White 22,852 6.3
White and Black Caribbean 9,650 2.7
White and Black African 3,279 0.9
White and Asian 5,140 1.4
Other Mixed 5,826 1.6
Indian 24,660 6.8
Pakistani 10,865 3
Bangladeshi 2,570 0.7
Chinese 3,925 1.1
Other Asian 17,607 4.8
Black African 28,981 8
Black Caribbean 31,320 8.6
Other Black 12,955 3.6
Arab 1,701 0.5
Any other ethnic groups 4,704 1.3
Source: ONS Census 2011
Country of birth in Croydon

Usual Residents whose country of birth is: Number %
England  249,667 68.7 
Scotland 3,201  0.9 
Wales  1,927  0.5
Northern Ireland  998  0.3
UK not otherwise specified  101 0
Ireland  4,055  1.1
EU: Member in March 2001  7,927  2.2
EU Accession countries April 2001 - March 2011  10,472  2.9
Other countries  85,030  23.4
Source: ONS Census 2011
#color:0x6E4195 United Kingdom not otherwise specified Croydon: 0% #color:0xC1DB31 Northern Ireland Croydon: 0.3% #color:0x667E1E Wales Croydon: 0.5% #color:0xAAD2F0 Scotland Croydon: 0.9% #color:0xAC1E43 Ireland Croydon: 1.1% #color:0x77BA40 EU: Member countries in March 2001 Croydon: 2.2% #color:0xE4CB68 Other EU: Accession countries April 2001 to March 2011 Croydon: 2.9% #color:0xE2785C Other EU Croydon: 5.1% #color:0x1F6BB1 Other countries Croydon: 23.4% Non-English country of birth for residents

Religion

Religious populations in Croydon

Faith Number %
Christian 205,022 56.4
Budhist 2,381 0.7
Hindu 21,739 6
Jewish 709 0.2
Muslim 29,513 8.1
Sikh 1,450 0.4
Other Religion 2,153 0.6
No Religion 72,654 20
No Response 27,757 7.6
Source: ONS Census 2011
#color:0xC1DB31 Jewish Croydon: 0.2% #color:0x667E1E Sikh Croydon: 0.4% #color:0xAAD2F0 Other religion Croydon: 0.6% #color:0xAC1E43 Buddhist Croydon: 0.7% #color:0x77BA40 Hindu Croydon: 6% #color:0xE4CB68 Religion not stated Croydon: 7.6% #color:0xE2785C Muslim Croydon: 8.1% #color:0x1F6BB1 No religion Croydon: 20% Non-Christian religious makeup of residents

Household makeup

29.7%
(43,043)
One person households. 
 
Source: ONS Census 2011
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Other: 17.9% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Aged 65 and over: 12.4% #color:0x827676 London  Other: 22.0% #color:0x827676 London  Aged 65 and over: 9.6% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  Other: 20.0% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  Aged 65 and over: 9.7% One person households (2011)
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Other household types: 2.6% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Married or same-sex civil partnership couple: 15.3% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Lone parent: 7.1% #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Cohabiting couple: 4.0% #color:0x827676 London  Other household types: 4.6% #color:0x827676 London  Married or same-sex civil partnership couple: 15.0% #color:0x827676 London  Lone parent: 8.5% #color:0x827676 London  Cohabiting couple: 2.8% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  Other household types: 4.6% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  Married or same-sex civil partnership couple: 15.5% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  Lone parent: 11.6% #color:0x0167BB Croydon  Cohabiting couple: 3.5% Households with dependent children (2011)