Information on general population trends is essential to understanding the changing profile of a specific area, whether this is at a national, regional or local authority level. Population growth usually results in increasing levels of need for example, in relation to housing and education provision, adult social care and health provision, increases in poverty and crime as well as impacting on the environment.
Data from the 2011 census shows that the population in England & Wales has grown by 7.1% since 2001 and now stands at 56.1 million people. London’s population has grown by 14% from 7.2 million in 2001 to 8.2 million in 2011.
Creating population profiles for specific age bands, community groups or small geographies helps to inform the targeting of services to specific aspects of local communities. Information on Croydon’s growing and changing population will inform the development of local strategies and services and is taken in to consideration when central government calculates the annual grant funding for local authorities.
There are 2 main sources for population information, ONS – Office of National Statistics and GLA – Greater London Authority.
GLA has created a useful tool which maps various demographic data sets including population, ethnicity and life expectancy at ward level for London, click on the following link GLA ward data.